A horizontal rectangular tricolor with equally sized deep saffron at the top, white in the middle and India green at the bottom. In the center is a navy blue wheel with twenty-four spokes, known as the Ashoka Chakra. The flag is based on the Swaraj flag designed by Pingali Venkayya.
The flag, by law, is to be made of khadi, a special type of hand-spun cloth of cotton, or silk made popular by Mahatma Gandhi. The manufacturing process and specifications for the flag are laid out by the Bureau of Indian Standards.The Indian flag has a ratio of two by three. All three stripes of the flag should be equal in width and length. The size of the Ashoka Chakra was not specified in the Flag code, but the Ashoka Chakra must have twenty-four spokes that are evenly spaced. Manufacturing standards for the Indian Flag", there is a chart that details the size of the Ashoka Chakra on the nine specific sizes of the national flag.
An adaptation of Lion Capital of Asoka at Sarnath was adopted as the National Emblem of India on 26 January 1950, the day India became a republic. Forming an integral part of the emblem is the motto inscribed below the abacus in Devanagari script: "Satyameva jayate" (English: Truth Alone Triumphs), a quote taken from Mundaka Upanishad, the concluding part of the sacred Hindu Vedas.
This National Emblem was adopted on 26 January 1950, the day that India became a republic.The emblem forms a part of the official letterhead of the Government of India, and appears on all Indian currency as well. It also sometimes functions as the national emblem of India in many places and appears prominently on Indian passports. The "Ashoka Chakra" (wheel) from its base has been placed onto the centre of the National Flag of India.
The Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) is the national animal of both India and Bangladesh.The Bengal tiger's coat is yellow to light orange, with stripes ranging from dark brown to black; the belly and the interior parts of the limbs are white, and the tail is orange with black rings.
The tiger impersonates strength with agility, speed, shrewdness and intelligence. Till now, 23 tiger reserves have been established in the country. This carnivorous feline of Asia is large and mane less. Its yellow colored fur with black transverse stripes and white belly look quite magnificent. It has now become a symbol of the India's efforts of conserving its wildlife heritage.Especially the Royal Bengal Tiger can be seen in all the regions of India and its neighboring countries such as Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh, except the north-western Indian region.
The Billiards and Snooker Federation of India (BSFI) is the central authority overseeing the growth and development of cue sports in India. Visionaries like M.M. Begg were instrumental in the foundation of the Federation way back in 1926. Since its inception, the BSFI has been operating from Calcutta except for a brief period of four years, when it was housed in Bombay. BFSI since then have worked constantly towards increasing the popularity and acceptance of the game in the country. It is the result of its constant effort that now people in India have started recognizing the sport on a mass level.
In a country like India where sports other than cricket take long time to gain foothold, Billiards too has its share of struggle. The major setback in the popularity to the sport is the fact that it is regarded as the sports of affluent and elite in the country. Read More..
Indian peacock (Pavo cristatus) is designated as the national bird of India. A bird indigenous to the subcontinent, peacock represents the unity of vivid colors and finds references in Indian culture. The species was first named and described by Linnaeus in 1758.
The biological name of the species is Pavo cristatus. Full of grace, pride, mysticism and beauty, peacocks have long been a part of the mythological tales of India and a symbol of royalty and divinity.They are a perpetual joy to see, especially when they spread their feathers on a cloudy day just before it rains and dance gracefully to court the females. A crown-shaped crest their head lends them a more exotic look.
The name 'banyan' is derived from Banias, who rested under the trees to discuss their strategies regarding business.Indian banyan (Ficus bengalensis) root themselves to form new trees and grow over large areas. Because of this characteristic and its longevity, this tree is considered immortal and is an integral part of the myths and legends of India.Banyan tree is characterized by a tangle of branches, roots and trunks.
The widest tree in the world - the Great Banyan - is located in Kolkata. The tree is about 250 years old.Banyan tree is well known for its medicinal uses. Its sap is a medicine for treating external skin inflammations and bruising, dysentery, toothaches and ulcers. Its bark and seeds are used to produce a herbal tonic that can cool the body. Diabetic patients are also treated by the tonic made from banyan tree.
Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) is a sacred flower and occupies a unique position in the art and mythology of ancient India and has been an auspicious symbol of Indian culture. The glory of being the National Flower of India goes to 'Lotus' or the water lily, an aquatic plant of Nymphaea family.
Lotus is often depicted as the seat of Gods and is often used by worshipping and religious practices.They are considered quite sacred by the Hindus, a major section of the Indian population and are thus have many legends, religious mythology and folklores surrounding them. It is said to represent long life, honor, good fortune and triumph. Lotus can live both in fresh shallow waters and in muddy swamps and can re-germinate for thousands of years symbolizing survival and purity of heart, mind and soul in all conditions.Close